US DOJ to Probe Any Political Motivation in Use of FBI Informant

The U.S. Justice Department, under pressure from President Donald Trump, is asking its inspector general to explore whether political motivation played a role in how the FBI conducted its counterintelligence investigation of Russian meddling in the 2016 presidential election.

The Justice Department acted after Trump on Sunday demanded the agency look into whether the Federal Bureau of Investigation “infiltrated or surveilled” his campaign “for Political Purposes — and if any such demands or requests were made by people within the Obama Administration!”

The Justice Department said it had asked its inspector general to expand its current review of use of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act “application process to include determining whether there was any impropriety or political motivation” in how a retired American professor came to be used as an FBI informant about his contacts with three Trump campaign officials.

Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein, who is overseeing special counsel Robert Mueller’s criminal investigation of the Russian interference, said, “If anyone did infiltrate or surveil participants in a presidential campaign for inappropriate purposes, we need to know about it and take appropriate action.”

The Justice Department action averted a potential showdown with Trump.

FILE - Former FBI director James Comey speaks about his book during an onstage interview with Axios Executive Editor Mike Allen at George Washington University in Washington, April 30, 2018.

FILE – Former FBI director James Comey speaks about his book during an onstage interview with Axios Executive Editor Mike Allen at George Washington University in Washington, April 30, 2018.

Within minutes of the president’s tweets demanding the investigation, members of the administration of former President Barack Obama and others reacted with alarm. They said they believed the Trump demand for the investigation was potentially the most serious intervention into the U.S. judicial system since the president fired FBI Director James Comey while he was investigating Trump’s campaign before Rosenstein named Mueller to take over the probe.

Trump on Saturday complained the FBI and the Justice Department infiltrated his campaign through use of the informant. Several news agencies have identified the informant as Stefan Halper, a 73-year-old American-born professor at Britain’s University of Cambridge who had worked decades ago in three other Republican administrations.

Dangerous to democracy

Ned Price, who served on the National Security Council under Obama told VOA Trump’s charge is dangerous to American democracy. Price said the president is “officially knocking down the firewall between policy and law enforcement — an indispensable element of the rule of law. And he’s doing so for his own personal ends.”

Former NSC spokesman Tommy Vietor tweeted, “This is crossing a massive red line. Trump is forcing DOJ to conduct a politicized investigation — something he himself conceded he shouldn’t do.”

It is not clear whether Trump, when he makes the formal request for the investigation on Monday, will ask for a general investigation or specifically call on the Justice Department to make public certain materials about the FBI’s counterintelligence process or the identity of sources.

Trump further complained Sunday about the yearlong investigation into whether his 2016 campaign colluded with Russia and if he obstructed justice by trying to thwart the probe.

“Things are really getting ridiculous,” Trump complained in one the Twitter remarks, asking at what point the investigation will end, calling it a “soon to be $20,000,000 Witch Hunt,” although the cost appears to be much less.

He contended investigators have “found no Collussion [sic] with Russia, No Obstruction, but they aren’t looking at the corruption” in the campaign of his Democratic challenger two years ago, former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

Trump said the investigation by special counsel Mueller “has given up on Russia and is looking at the rest of the world” and its connections to the Trump campaign.

He said Mueller “should easily be able” to extend the inquiries into the congressional elections in November where he and his team “can put some hurt on the Republican Party.”

He added, “Republicans and real Americans should start getting tough on this Scam.”

Ending by September?

FILE - President Trump's former campaign manager Paul Manafort (C) arrives at U.S. District Court for a motions hearing in Alexandria, Virginia, U.S., May 4, 2018.

FILE – President Trump’s former campaign manager Paul Manafort (C) arrives at U.S. District Court for a motions hearing in Alexandria, Virginia, U.S., May 4, 2018.

One of Trump’s attorneys, Rudy Giuliani, told several news organizations Sunday that Mueller told him the obstruction part of the probe could end by September 1.

He echoed Trump’s concerns that an extended investigation could hurt Republicans in the November congressional elections.

There has been no comment from Mueller’s office.

Giuliani also said the two sides were still negotiating whether Trump will be interviewed as part of the investigation.

Mueller has already indicted numerous Russian individuals and entities for interference in the U.S. election through the creation of fake news stories commenting on contentious American issues. He has also secured guilty pleas from three Trump campaign associates who are cooperating with prosecutors in the investigation.

Pompeo Vows 'Unprecedented' US Sanctions Against Iran

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has unveiled a far-reaching list of demands for any new nuclear deal with Iran, and threatened economy-crushing sanctions if Tehran does not change its behavior.

The demands were made a speech Monday at the conservative Heritage Foundation that laid out the Trump administration’s strategy after pulling out of the Iran nuclear agreement earlier this month.

Under any new deal, Pompeo insisted, Iran must indefinitely abandon nuclear weapons work, end its proliferation of ballistic missiles, and stop its “destabilizing activities” across the Middle East.

If Iran does not change course, the United States “will apply unprecedented financial pressure,” Pompeo warned.

“These will be the strongest sanctions in history by the time we are done,” said Pompeo.”The [Iranian] regime has been fighting all over the Middle East for years.After our sanctions come into full force, it will be battling to keep its economy alive.”

The Trump administration has vowed to re-impose the sanctions that were lifted as part of the 2015 nuclear agreement, which was signed between Iran, the United States, and several European countries.

The European countries are holding talks with Iran to try to salvage the deal. But it is not clear whether the European effort can succeed.

Iran’s foreign minister, Javad Zarif, said the European Union’s “political support for the nuclear agreement is not sufficient,” according to Iranian state media.

But it’s also not clear whether the United States can muster sufficient financial pressure on Iran without the support of European companies.

Exclusive: Moto Z3 Play Specs and Software Features Leaked – Moto Experiences, Cinemagraphs and More

Lenovo’s Moto Z family came at a time when enthusiasm for modular smartphones had yet to dwindle. The company made a bold promise to support their Moto Mods for three generations. This long-term strategy has seemingly paid dividends as more and more interesting modules have come out for the device since, including smart speakers, projectors, gamepads, and camera attachments. With only a few months left until we see what the Moto Z3 and Z3 Play have to offer, we bring you a new set of leaks that cover most specifications and software features.

XDA-Developers has been shown an internal Lenovo document detailing the hardware and key features of the Moto Z3 Play, and we can vouch for its validity. While this is still an early leak and some of what’s shown here might be subject to change, we expect most (if not everything) mentioned here to eventually make it to the Z3 Play in particular, and perhaps the Z family in general. Some of these details also align with and expand upon previous leaks, so we are confident that the information in the internal document is correct.

Hardware Specifications

According to the internal document we were able to inspect, the Moto Z3 Play will be sporting an aluminum body with 2.5D Gorilla Glass at the front for slight display curves. The document also calls the phone “one of the thinnest premium smartphones in the market,” a statement that probably explains the fact that the Z3 Play will only boast a 3,000mAh battery. While this remains a departure from the beefy battery capacity that gave the original Z Play its great reputation, the Z3 Play will support Moto Mods, meaning you’ll be able to access battery-boosting modules. As expected, the Moto Z3 Play will also pack in the Snapdragon 636 processors, as well as 4GB of RAM with 32GB and 64GB of storage options, and microSD support. The front of the device will host a “virtually borderless” 6-inch 18:9 “Max Vision” FHD+ AMOLED display, bringing the Moto Z family up to speed with the latest trends in the premium smartphone segment. This presumably means smaller bezels, as suggested by previous leaks, though they’ll have different budget considerations than other OEMs given they still need to support Moto Mods. For the camera, the device will bring a 12MP low-light sensor in a dual camera array, and an 8MP front-facing camera. Previous leaks have suggested that the Moto Z3 Play will not feature a headphone jack and none of the documents we’ve received make reference to one. 

Software & Features

Moto Display returns, and the company will be adding “Moto Experiences” for smarter and easier shortcuts to the features one uses most — this seemingly aligns with previous leaks about “Moto XP’s.” Moto Voice will take advantage of four noise-canceling microphones built into the phone, and it’ll get the ability to “use voice commands (…) to control your favorite apps” and get answers to multi-part questions. The navigation gestures featured in previous Moto devices will also appear on the Moto Z3 Play in the form of “one simple bar”, and interestingly enough the company has opted for a side-mounted fingerprint scanner , adding face unlock as well. The device will offer TurboPower charging once more, promising “half a day’s power in half an hour” (which oddly sounds like a weaker version of the Dash Charge slogan).

The camera of the Moto Z3 play will offer a variety of features, including what the company calls “cinemagraphs,” Lenovo’s take on live photos that keep a part of the shot animated (similar to Samsung’s S9 & S9+ feature). It’ll also offer a variety of creative effects to add to one’s pictures. Portrait mode will be present on both the front and the back cameras, with the rear setup using both sensors for clearer depth-mapping and edge-detection. Another neat feature is called spot color, which lets you pick one color in the photo and turn the rest of the picture black-and-white, similarly to the aesthetic of the famous Sin City movies/graphic novels. Then there’s cutout mode, which lets you snap a picture and replace the background with whatever image you want. The camera will also be able to scan text from documents or business cards, and allow you to either copy it or export it to a file. On top of all of this, the Moto Z3 Play will let you adjust a variety of camera settings with a sort of manual mode, so you’ll be able to fine-tune focal length, white balance, shutter speed, ISO and exposure through slider bars.

Finally, the document claims that Lenovo will be offering two future upgrades to the latest Android OS for “absolutely free.”

Moto Mods and Bundles

The internal document also goes over some of the Moto Mods that’ll be available with the Moto Z3 Play. It’s likely they’ll be paired with what the company labels different “editions” of the phone. Below are the bundles that we expect based on the info we’ve acquired:

  • Moto Z “Power” Edition: Bundled Battery Moto Mod

  • Moto Z “Style” Edition Bundled Style Shell

  • Moto Z “Gamepad” Edition: Bundled Gamepad Mod (duh)

  • Moto Z “Projection” Edition: Bundled 70-inch Projector Mod

That’s everything we know about the upcoming Moto Z3 Play so far. We expect some of these features to all make their way to other upcoming Moto devices, so we’ll let you know if we hear any more details. Stay tuned to the XDA Portal for more leaks and in-depth device coverage!

Check out XDA’s Moto Z3 Play Forums!

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How To Add Blank Pages To a PDF Document

How to Add Blank Pages to a PDF Document

How To Add Blank Pages To a PDF Document

When it comes to storing and sharing information, no file format dominates the corporate world quite
like the PDF (Portable Document Format). All of us can agree that PDFs are great because the
content  they contain can be viewed in exactly the same way on any device and operating system.

However, there’s also the other, darker side of dealing with the format– editing those stubborn PDFs.
Depending on what modifications you have to make to the document, you may dread that PDF file
sitting on your desktop.

Imagine you have to add new content to an old business report before presenting it to  company
shareholders. Not an easy task to achieve. Unless you have a PDF tool that is capable of adding
blank pages and adding  content to them.

Here at IGadgetware, we know how important a PDF tool is to anyone’s day-to-day document
operations. So we’ve looked for a tool that could  add blank pages to PDF documents and perform
other editing tasks. Good news– we found one!

Able2Extract is an all-in-one PDF solution capable of more than just editing PDF documents, however,
for the purpose of this article, we’ll show you one particular feature– inserting blank PDF pages to a

Follow along and we’ll show you how to do it hassle-free.

Step 1 – Open the PDF

Run Able2Extract Professional and open the PDF document you want to add a new page to.

You can do this either by clicking on the Open icon located in the top left corner or using the
CTRL + O keyboard shortcut.

Step 2 – Switch to PDF editor

Click on the Edit icon located at the toolbar or hit the CTRL + J keyboard shortcut. The  PDF editing
panel will then appear on the right side of the screen.

Step 3 – Insert a blank page

Now, all you need to do is to add as many pages as you want and where you want them. Let’s say
that we need to add a new page between the 9th and 10th page of our example PDF document,
here’s how to do it.

Click on the Insert button in the Pages menu and an Insert Blank Pages dialog box will appear.

Here you need to specify two values:

  • Before Page: input where you want to add a new page (for example, if you want to add it

between page 9 and 10 set the value at 10)

Note: If you want to add the page(s) at the end of the PDF document set the Before Page value to
“End of Document”

  • Pages Count: input the number of blank pages you want to add

In addition to the adding blank PDF pages feature, Able2Extract Professional has a myriad of other
editing functionalities you can use to further customize your PDF documents.

You can use them to add new textual and visual content, modify the already existing content , or create and modify interactive form fields and pages. The developer offers a 7-day free trial. If you’re interested in giving Able2Extract a test run you can download it from their website.


iGadgetware iGW

A Social Media and Cyber Security Expert. Love to write about latest technology and Gadgets.

What you see in a 3D scan of yourself could be upsetting

Amazon is reportedly looking for people who are willing to have their bodies scanned in 3D in order to track and measure subtle changes in their sizes and shapes. It’s part of the company’s broader push to sell more clothes by more accurately predicting how garments will fit different body shapes.

But Amazon may not be considering the psychological effects 3D body scans can have on consumers. In April 2018, I published a study that found when a person views their body in 3D, it makes them feel sadder and worse about their appearance. Increasingly sophisticated 3D scanning technologies might seem to offer retailers a competitive edge, but a customer who has just been scanned may feel bad about how they look and not be up for buying anything at all.

A 3D scan of a person’s body, with lines marking where tailors’ measurements would be taken for various garments. Jessica Ridgway, CC BY-ND

Getting a 3D view

Previous research I conducted on body shape perception found that people believed that a 3D body scan was an accurate depiction of their real body. That belief inspired me to further explore people’s feelings about seeing their bodies in 3D. Seeing your body in 3D is, at the moment, rare and unusual: Even mirrors and photos show only two-dimensional views. If retail stores are going to let more people see their own bodies in 3D, I reasoned, there may be wider effects on society.

To understand what happens when someone sees him or herself in 3D, I conducted a study of students at Florida State University, where I work. A total of 101 men and women came to my body scanning research laboratory, where they participated in a survey, were body scanned and then took the same survey again.

The survey contained questions to measure body satisfaction, mood and appearance management behaviors. For example, people were asked how they were currently feeling about their overall appearance and body shape and size; the degree to which they were at that moment feeling happy, sad, grouchy and other emotions; and how likely they were to engage in certain activities, like dieting and exercise.

Additionally, both before and after the scan, I gave participants a group of line drawings of bodies and asked them to select the figure that most closely represents their actual self. They then viewed the collection of figures again and were asked to select the figure which most closely represents the ideal way they would like to look.

Changing feelings about their bodies

The difference between their indication of actual and ideal served as a measure of how differently each of them perceived who they actually were from who they wanted to be. People who chose very different real and ideal body shapes are more likely to feel sad and depressed.

I compared participants’ self-perceptions before and after they viewed their 3D body scans. After seeing their body scan, the participants – both men and women – perceived their actual selves to be almost one figure larger than what their perception had been before seeing the scan. For men and women, their ideal stayed about the same, or was in fact slightly smaller than their original choice.

As a result of this changed perception, participants reported feeling less satisfied with their bodies and more negative in general. These bad feelings were strong enough to increase their stated willingness to change their behaviors, including saying they were more likely to diet and exercise. Future studies could determine whether people actually followed through on those feelings.

A caution for retailers

If Amazon and other retailers plan to use body scanning as part of their customers’ experience, they should know how and why people respond negatively – both about themselves and in general – to seeing a 3D scan of their bodies. Those responses, like all emotional changes, are likely to affect their shopping behaviors.

Retailers might be able to use 3D scans to provide better-fitting clothes to their customers, but buyers might choose to go home and diet and exercise first. Days, weeks or months later when they return to shop, ideally in a better mood and feeling better about their bodies, will they go to a place that showed them everything that was wrong? Or will they seek out a more affirming environment? These questions and others like them will be examined in my future research. But for now, it’s hard to say whether 3D body scanning will boost forward-thinking retailers, or if it will create a new group of dissatisfied consumers.

Python Taint: A Static Analysis Tool for Detecting Security Vulnerabilities in Python Web Applications

Python Taint: A Static Analysis Tool for Detecting Security Vulnerabilities in Python Web Applications

Python Taint: A Static Analysis Tool for Detecting Security Vulnerabilities in Python Web Applications

Static analysis of Python web applications based on theoretical foundations (Control flow graphs, fixed point, data flow analysis)


  • Detect Command injection

  • Detect SQL injection

  • Detect XSS

  • Detect directory traversal

  • Get a control flow graph

  • Get a def-use and/or a use-def chain

  • Search GitHub and analyse hits with PyT

  • A lot of customisation possible

Example usage and output:


  1. git clone

  2. cd pyt/

  3. python3 install

  4. pyt -h

Usage from Source

Using it like a user python3 -m pyt -f example/vulnerable_code/ save -du

Running the tests python3 -m tests

Running an individual test file python3 -m unittest tests.import_test

Running an individual test python3 -m unittest tests.import_test.ImportTest.test_import


Join our slack group: – ask for invite: [email protected]


Virtual env setup guide
Create a directory to hold the virtual env and project

mkdir ~/a_folder

cd ~/a_folder

Clone the project into the directory

git clone

Create the virtual environment

python3 -m venv ~/a_folder/

Check that you have the right versions

python –version sample output Python 3.6.0

pip –version sample output pip 9.0.1 from /Users/kevinhock/a_folder/lib/python3.6/site-packages (python 3.6)

Change to project directory

cd pyt

Install dependencies

pip install -r requirements.txt

pip list sample output

gitdb (0.6.4)
GitPython (2.0.8)
graphviz (0.4.10)
pip (9.0.1)
requests (2.10.0)
setuptools (28.8.0)
smmap (0.9.0)

In the future, just type source ~/a_folder/bin/activate to start developing.

Download Python Taint

Rhino-Saving Tech Also Could Protect Kids and Borders

Cisco has reduced the poaching of endangered rhinos in Africa by a whopping 96 percent. This success comes at a time when kids appear to be increasingly at risk from rogue school shooters and the United States government seems deadlocked on gun control.

Guns kill rhinos as well, but the focus of Cisco’s tech is on catching the poachers who kill around 1,000 endangered rhinos a year, rather than on taking away their weapons of choice. Where implemented, the solution has all but eliminated the problem.

The rhino problem in Africa presents logistics issues that are relevant to the U.S. border problem. In both cases, the goal is to keep unauthorized people out, but because the borders are so extensive, the cost of staffing to protect them is problematic.

Technology is a force multiplier, though, and I believe a solution similar to the one Cisco and Dimension Data developed to protect the rhino population could be used to provide better protection for schools and the U.S. border.

I’ll share some thoughts on the application of technology to improve problem-solving and then close with my product of the week: my latest favorite laptop.

Applying Enterprise Security Solutions to World Problems

One of the fascinating aspects of Cisco’s efforts to protect endangered species is that the methods used aren’t far removed from how we now protect against electronic intrusions. It used to be that we relied largely on firewalls and perimeter protection to keep our enterprises safe. However, as firewalls became more porous and attackers more creative, we accepted that walls wouldn’t work by themselves and moved to assuming attackers would get in.

That shifted our efforts from perimeter protection toward in-depth protection, with emphasis on monitoring activity inside the enterprise. As a result, we can identify and eliminate attacks, whether internally or externally sourced, more effectively.

Once you can effectively isolate potentially harmful behavior from normal behavior, you can target attackers and more likely catch them in the act — before they can do much damage or steal much data.

Granted, these defense in-depth methods have required a massive increase in the creation and application of artificial intelligence and instrumentation to get to scale. Once developed, though, the methods have broad applications outside of site security. For instance…

Saving the Rhinos

The issue with any form of animal protection in Africa is that there is a vast expanse of land but very little funding for people to patrol it effectively. Borders are hundreds of miles long, making a perimeter defense problematic (and no one is going to build Africa a wall). If you could identify the threat location in time, resources could be concentrated to deal with it. To accomplish that, it was necessary to shift the goal away from the near-impossible task of securing a massive site, and toward rapid threat identification.

A variety of instruments and sensors can be used for site monitoring. Networked vibration sensors, motion sensors, cameras and microphones can monitor massive areas with relatively low staffing. For instance, gunshots can be triangulated rapidly using a relatively modest number of sensors. Drones then can be used to locate poachers, so that resources can be sent in to arrest them.

At some future point, it might be possible to automate arrests using robots and drones, further reducing the need for human staff, along with the related risks.

While this approach doesn’t prevent poachers from getting in, it does identify them once they are present and tracks them inside. Even if the poachers make a kill, it is nearly impossible for them to get out with it.

Cisco’s initial effort has been so successful that the company is replicating it through a program called “Connected Conservation.” The goal is to protect endangered species on land and water around the world. The hope is that once the technology is in place, it will eradicate most forms of poaching for things like rhino horns and elephant tusks.

Preventing School Shootings

Addressing the problem of school safety in large part seems to revolve around arguments limiting access to guns. However, schools face a variety of risks that often are far more prevalent than gun violence. Illegal drugs, children seized or abused by adults or other children, suicides, and bullying are but a few of the issues making schools unsafe.

Applying the same kind of monitoring and artificial intelligence to schools should offer similar benefits to those derived from the fight against poachers, without excessively impacting privacy. Schools already are heavy users of security cameras. Adding more microphones and overlaying the solutions with artificial intelligence, so that likely threats could be identified more quickly, probably would have a greater near-term impact than attempts to eliminate guns.

Even if guns were in use, being able to triangulate the shooter would allow on-site security resources and arriving law enforcement to isolate and eliminate the threat more rapidly. It also would allow the school to notify classrooms regarding lockdown or escape protocols more effectively, reducing the potential for hostage-taking, and getting kids out of harm’s way.

Once in place, the AI could flag bullying behavior, spot violence, abuse or harassment, regardless of their form, and potentially identify people that could become future threats due to unusual behavior.

With similar technology, we could make schools far safer than they now.

Border Wall

The same could be said of the U.S. borders. For a fraction of the cost of a border wall, we could have a massive increase in our ability to monitor the border, identify those crossing illegally, and more effectively target those wishing to do the country harm (arms and drug smugglers).

With facial recognition software, we could scan for repeat offenders, known national criminals and gang members, enabling law enforcement to prioritize their capture. Compared to walls, which can be flown over or dug under, technological defense in-depth solutions would be vastly harder to overcome. Coupled with fast-response drones and potentially robotics, these types of solutions could cover huge areas, protecting the borders far more effectively than a static wall ever could.

Wrapping Up: Better, Faster, Cheaper, Safer

What Cisco highlights with its rhino-protection efforts in Africa is that enterprise security methods can be applied to physical security problems with amazing results. These same methods could be used to protect our schools and borders for a fraction of the cost and aggravation of gun control laws and physical walls.

Approaches that are better, faster, cheaper — and that lead to safer — are what technology is famous for. What Cisco demonstrated in Africa could have similar success in schools and help secure our borders.

Maybe it is time to use something we are good at to solve the nation’s problems rather than just argue about them. The U.S. is the world leader in technology. Perhaps it is technology that we need to tap to solve some of our bigger problems. Technology can keep us safer — we just need to use it properly.

Rob Enderle's Product of the Week

AMD — along with Dell, HP and Lenovo — has rolled out a series of Ryzen-powered laptops and desktop machines. Given how badly Intel has been behaving of late, a lot of folks have been looking at AMD alternatives but not finding many that were that compelling — up to now.

That changed last week. I was particularly taken by HP’s offerings, which range from 13.3 inches to nearly 16 inches. The one I consider the best balance of size, performance and price is the HP EliteBook 735 G5.

HP EliteBook 735 G5

HP EliteBook 735 G5

HP has been going after Apple aggressively of late, and its designs showcase that effort.

Looking as though they were carved out of aluminum complete with ports and stunning displays, HP’s new laptops are a showcase for its One Life product strategy. “One Life” means that you aren’t an employee or a consumer but both — and in a laptop you want what you want, when you want it. That means attractive designs and full security features.

HP currently leads the segment with security features, including features that prevent your BIOS from being compromised, keep your critical security features running, and make sure a hostile website can’t infect you.

One unique feature is HP Sure View, which provides an optional integrated privacy screen so the person next to you can’t see your work or watch the movie you are watching. It is my view that every laptop should have this, and HP largely stands alone right now.

Like a lot of folks, I no longer trust Intel. I mean if the firm’s own CEO doesn’t believe it is a good investment, then neither should I. Thankfully, a number of strong AMD alternative products have entered the market all of a sudden, with the HP EliteBook 735 G5 moving to the top. That is enough to make it my product of the week.

The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of ECT News Network.

Rob Enderle has been an ECT News Network columnist since 2003. His areas of interest include AI, autonomous driving, drones, personal technology, emerging technology, regulation, litigation, M&E, and technology in politics. He has an MBA in human resources, marketing and computer science. He is also a certified management accountant. Enderle currently is president and principal analyst of the Enderle Group, a consultancy that serves the technology industry. He formerly served as a senior research fellow at Giga Information Group and Forrester.

Email Rob.